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Author: Pan American Health Organization (2010 & 2019)
This two part case study presents the initial implementation process of tobacco-free environments in São Paulo, Brazil after The São Paulo Anti Tobacco Law was passed in 2009, and it's continued implementation 10 years later. Documents available in Portuguese.
Author: Vital Strategies
This study was conducted to gauge the extent of implementation of the tobacco free film rule in India, to identify patterns in compliance and violations, and to identify opportunities for strengthening the rule.
Author: WHO (2021)
The eighth WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic tracks the progress made by countries in tobacco control since 2008 including data on electronic nicotine delivery systems, such as ‘e-cigarettes’.
Best practices on implementation of the tobacco advertising and display ban at point of sale (Article 13 of the WHO FCTC): a four-country case study
Author: WHO (2015)
This report reviews the relevant legislation related to the POS advertising and display bans and examines experience with enforcement and monitoring in four countries: Ireland, Norway, Finland and the UK.
Author: WHO (2018)
Advanced practices and lessons learned from Parties in the implementation of Article 13, with a focus on combatting cross-border advertising and the depiction of tobacco in entertainment media.
Author: SEATCA (2020)
A report detailing Implementation of Article 8 in the ASEAN region, 2020.
Tobacco retailer density and tobacco retailers near schools in two cities of East India, Ranchi and Siliguri
Author: Pouranik et al. (2021)
This study assesses the number and density of tobacco vendors in the cities of Ranchi (Jharkhand) and Siliguri (West Bengal), and the number of retailers selling tobacco near schools. Both of these jurisdictions have passed local tobacco vendor licensing laws.
Author: Male et al (2022)
This analysis focuses on understanding difficulties in managing industry engagement across government ministries and in developing effective whole-of government accountability for tobacco control.
Compliance with smoke-free policies at indoor and outdoor public places: an observational study in Pakistan
Author: Ahsan et al. (2022)
Study investigating smoke-free compliance across public places in Karachi, the most populous city in Pakistan.
Author: Hoe et al. (2021)
Observational study assessing compliance with Qingdao’s Tobacco Control Regulation and whether compliance differed by enforcement agency. The data was collected by Johns Hopkins Institute for Tobacco Control as part of The Union's Global Implementation Programme.
Author: Ahuja et al. (2018)
Implementation of tobacco control law by police personnel in India. This study aimed to assess knowledge and attitudes.
Author: Anderson et al. (2020)
This study aims to describe and compare global trends in legislation and compliance of smokefree and TAPS policies between 2009 and 2019.
Author: Kuipers et al. (2021)
This paper aims to stimulate a discussion on the potential for tobacco retail licencing in Europe and examines the cases of Finland, Hungary, France, Italy and Spain.
Evaluating the impact and equity of a tobacco-free pharmacy law on retailer density in New York City neighbourhoods
Author: Giovenco et al. (2018)
This study models the reduction in tobacco retailer density following the ban to examine differences in the policy’s impact across neighbourhoods.
Author: World Health Organization
The World Health Organizations Tobacco Free Initiative (TFI) list of key elements of legislation for tobacco control.
This report uses publicly available information on tobacco industry interference in 34 countries and their respective governments’ responses to these interferences to interpret key findings and rank the countries on several interference indicators.
Author: World Health Organization
This report, WHO’s seventh in the series, provides a country-level examination of the global tobacco epidemic and identifies countries that have applied selected measures for reducing tobacco use. This report focuses on supporting tobacco users to increase cessation success.
Author: Food and Drug Administration (US)
Report on the last five years of the FDA Center for Tobacco Products Office compliance and enforcement activities.
Author: American Cancer Society
This guide examines specific barriers to the enforcement of smokefree laws and regulations and offers proven advocacy strategies for overcoming these barriers.
Author: Drope & Glantz (2003)
This article describes how the British Columbia Capital Regional District systematically organized an educational campaign, enacted and enforced a series of bylaws, exposed industry interference to successfully pass and implement a 100% smokefree bylaw in all public places.
Author: World Bank
This report analyzes how economic fear influences policymakers when contemplating tobacco control efforts. It also demonstrates the economic benefits of tobacco control policies and the responsibility of governments to reduce potential costs of tobacco control efforts.
Author: Thrasher et al. (2008)
This case study describes the impact of the sociocultural and political-economic context of Mexico on WHO-FCTC policy uptake. It examines advancing tobacco control policy through strategic, contextually-specific communication efforts and uses smokefree policy to illustrate barriers to compliance in the Mexican context.
Author: Rahmayanti et al. (2019)
This study analyzes the perception of smokefree policy within a university community service program and finds that while many people are aware of smoking's harmful effects, they do not know about smokefree policies, highlighting the need for community education, effective communication, and engagement.
Author: World Health Organization
The 2018 global progress report on the implementation of WHO FCTC.
Assessment of EU Member State National Characteristics and Their Association with Smoking Prevalence
Author: Bogdanovica et al. (2011)
This study aims to assess public sector corruption and other national characteristics and it's potential association with higher smoking prevalence in EU member states.
Author: Levy et al. (2013)
This study aims to determine the number of smoking-attributable deaths were averted due to the implementation of MPOWER policies.
Author: Wynne et al. (2018)
Comprehensive literature review to provide evidence for effective enforcement strategies and suggest measures to improve policy compliance.
Seven years of progress in tobacco control: an evaluation of the effect of nations meeting the highest level MPOWER measures between 2007 and 2014
Author: Levy et al. (2018)
This study aims to evaluated the global progress of the six MPOWER measures and their impact across 88 countries that have adopted one or more measure from 2007 to 2014.
Author: Fry et al. (2016)
This study aims to assess vendor licensing compliance and scheme to explore variations in compliance among different retailer types and locations.
Author: Kennedy et al. (2017)
This study aims to evaluate the implementation of national TAPS law in kiosks across five Russian cities.
Author: Mendes et al. (2017)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the perceived enforcement of anti-smoking legislation on 4 Brazilian cities.
Outcomes for Implementation Research: Conceptual Distinctions, Measurement Challenges, and Research Agenda
Author: Proctor et al. (2010)
This paper proposes a general working taxonomic of eight implementation elements to measure implementation outcomes, advance implementation processes, and improve effectiveness of implementation strategies.
Author: New Zealand MoH
The aim of this evaluation is to identify outcomes related to the 2003 Smokefree Environments Amendment Act and assess how closely goals were met.
Author: Sebayang et al. (2019)
This policy evaluation reviews the outdoor tobacco advertisement ban in Banyuqangi District East Java, Indonesia.
Author: The International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project
This report reviews the global evidence on the impact of the WHO FCTC implementation of tobacco control legislation.
Author: Niskar et al. (2008)
This article assess indictors of smokefree policy implementation in the Unites States, New Zealand, and Israel to demonstrate successful compliance of smokefree policies.
Author: He et al. (2018)
This study evaluates the effect of point-of-sale display bans globally as of 2016.
Author: The Tobacco Law Project
This report evaluates the enforcement practices, and barriers of the Commercial Youth Access Enforcement efforts in Minnesota, USA, providing recommendation for future enforcement efforts.
Author: Vyas et al. (2021)
This research assesses compliance with San Francisco's 2018 flavored tobacco sales ban and concludes that retailer education prior to enforcement will result in higher compliance rates.
Author: Pimple et al. (2014)
This article uses a random sampling process to evaluate compliance with the COPTA legislation in India.
Author: Lal et al. (2011)
This article demonstrates how smokefree compliance can be assessed through simple and cost-effective survey tools and can be used to validate implementation and enforcement progress.
Author: Lin et al. (2019)
This study analyzes the predictors of adopting subnational smokefree laws since China ratified the WHO FCTC in 2005 and assess their alignment with article 8.
Author: US CDC
This report is the third in the CDC's publications on Evaluating Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs and provides an evaluation logic model and set out outcome indicators that address eliminating exposure to secondhand smoke.
Implementing smoke-free policies in low- and middle-income countries: A brief review and research agenda
Author: Byron et al. (2019)
A review and research agenda on the challenges of implementing smokefree policies in low- and middle-income countries, identifying five areas where progress is urgently needed.
Author: Mlinarić et al. (2019)
Study that analyzes existing smokefree evidence and translates it into recommendations to improve smokefree implementation in outdoor venues.
Author: World Health Organization
This report, WHO’s fourth in the series, provides a country-level examination of the global tobacco epidemic and identifies countries that have applied selected measures for reducing tobacco use. This report focuses on Enforcing bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship.
Author: Lee et al. (2012)
This article reviews published research on tobacco industry activities that interfere with tobacco control policies and encourage tobacco use in LMICs to more thoroughly understand industry practices and strategies in LMICs.
Author: University of California San Francisco
The University of California San Francisco database contains over 14 million archived documents on tobacco industry activities, including advertising, manufacturing, marketing, scientific research, and political activities. In particular, the database provides access to internal industry documents made public during United States v. Philip Morris USA Inc., et al. and other litigation cases.
Tobacco Control Industry Watch provides facts and figures, publications, and media updates for the South East Asian Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA). With a focus on Articles 5.3 and 13, guidelines, toolkits, and in-country statuses are also available to further the effective implementation of the WHO FCTC in ASEAN countries.
Author: Centre for Combating Tobacco
Tobacco Unmasked is the information portal of the Centre for Combating Tobacco in Sri Lanka. It provides information and profiles on tobacco companies, their employees, their allies, and other institutions linked with them. The portal also describes industry strategies and arguments against tobacco control efforts.
Author: The University of Bath
Tobacco Tactics investigates tobacco industry strategies and tactics for undermining tobacco control efforts and provides rigorously researched reports, profiles, and information on industry players, allies, and activities.
Tobacco Industry Youth Smoking Prevention Programs: Protecting the Industry and Hurting Tobacco Control
Author: Landman et al. (2002)
This article analyzes tobacco industry documents to determine why industry-sponsored youth smoking prevention programs were developed, how they were used to fight tobacco control policy and programming, and their lack of effect on youth smoking prevalence.
The ‘‘We Card’’ Program: Tobacco Industry ‘‘Youth Smoking Prevention’’ as Industry Self-Preservation
Author: Apollonio et al. (2008)
This article analyzes the tobacco industry self-regulation "We Card" program. It exposes "We Card" as ineffective and structured to improve the industry's public image and limit tobacco control policies and their enforcement.
Stopping Tobacco Organizations and Products (STOP) works to understand and expose the tobacco industry’s efforts to derail tobacco control and hook a new generation of users. STOP's Resources Archive arms and supports stakeholders with tools and resources to counter the industry, including the latest analyses, reports, and information on the industry’s tactics.
Author: Ulucaniar et al. (2016)
This article outlines a model that provides an evidence-based summary of corporate political strategies used by the tobacco industry. The model enables public health practitioners to anticipate these strategies and develop realistic assessments of the industry’s claims.
Author: The Observatory
This website offers detailed information and data on the tactics used by the tobacco industry in Brazil, the legislative measures Brazil is adopting to meet FCTC and WHO directives, and the people and organizations involved with the tobacco industry that lobby against tobacco control measures in Brazil. The website is available in English, Portuguese, and Spanish.
This report uses publicly available information on tobacco industry interference in 33 countries and their respective governments’ responses to these interferences to interpret key findings and rank the countries on several interference indicators.
Author: Gilmore et al. (2015)
This article explores the tobacco industry's practices in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), given the industry's growing interest, investment, and interference in these regions. It focuses on how exposing the industry's misconduct is necessary for both the implementation of the WHO FCTC and more 'endgame' solutions to the tobacco epidemic.
Author: Eriksen & Chaloupka (2007)
This article reviews and analyses the diffusion of clean indoor air laws and the economic and public health impacts of their implementation. While research sponsored by the tobacco industry has raised concerns regarding the economic impact of smoke-free laws, scientific evidence indicates that clean indoor air laws are low-cost, safe, and effective.
Author: Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids
The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids Industry Watch project seeks to hold the tobacco industry accountable by providing facts about how tobacco companies operate and working to expose and stop the industry’s harmful activities. The Industry Watch website contains helpful resources, including factsheets, industry profiles, reports and studies, presentations, press releases, and key websites.
The Crooked Nine report outlines the tobacco industry's strategies, techniques, and tactics to undermine tobacco control using case studies from around the world. It is designed to help the tobacco control community predict the industry's actions and counter industry interference.
Author: The Africa Centre For Tobacco Industry Monitoring
The Africa Centre For Tobacco Industry Monitoring And Policy Research (ATIM) is an observatory that offers up-to-date information on activities and developments in the tobacco industry that could have an impact on tobacco control policies. ATIM provides industry monitoring across Africa, as recommended by the Guidelines for implementation of Article 5.3 of the WHO FCTC, evaluates the impact of tobacco control policy, and informs stakeholders within the tobacco control community of ongoing developments.
Author: McDaniel et al. (2017)
This article is a case study ion Philip Morris' involvement in the cessation arena and an evaluation of how and why PM supports cessation programs. It illustrates a notable example of industry interference that undermines effective tobacco control.
Author: VanDevanter et al. (2017)
Application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to assess factors that may influence implementation of tobacco use treatment guidelines in the Viet Nam public health care delivery system.